Hubungan Pendidikan Orang Tua dan Perubahan Status Stunting
Kamis, 3 Mei 2012 13:13:51 - oleh : lemlit - views 3207
Hubungan Pendidikan Orang Tua dan Perubahan Status Stunting

HUBUNGAN PENDIDIKAN ORANG TUA DENGAN PERUBAHAN STATUS STUNTING DARI USIA 6-12 BULAN KE USIA 3-4 TAHUN


ASSOCIATED OF EDUCATION PARENTERALWITH CHANGES OF


STUNTINGSTATUS FROM AGE OF 6-12 MONTHS TO 3-4 YEARS


 Leni Sri Rahayu,University ofUniversitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka,
Jakarta 
(Fikes-S1 Gizi)


 ABSTRACT


Stunting that happens during childhood is a risk
factor for increase of mortality rate, low cognitive capacity and motoric
growth as well as other unbalanced physical functions. Stunting in underfives
will bring bad impact to further life that is difficult to improve. Physical
growth is associated with genetic and environmental factors. Genetic factor
includes height of parents and gender. Father and mother with minimum height
are risk factor for the prevalence of stunting. The study aimed to identify
associated of educational parenteral to changes in stunting status from age of
6-12 months to 3-4 years.The study was analytic non experimental with retrospective
cohort design. Population of the study were all underfives (664) whose
height/length had been assessed during infancy at Tangerang Municipality and
District. Data analysis used chi square statistical test and Pearson
correlation, and multivariate analysis with multiple logistic regression to
identify variable most dominantly affected changes of stunting status. The
prevalence of stunting at age of 6-12 months was significantly associated with
height of father, height of mother, low birth weight, birth length, premature
birth, education of father and education of mother (p<0.05). At age of 3-4
years the prevalenve of stunting was significantly associated with height of
father, height of mother, education of father and education of mother. As much
as 26.4% of subject changed from normal to stunting, 8.3% remained stunting and
5.7% changed from stunting to normal. Gender did not associated with change of
stunting status. The change of status from normal to stunting was
associatedwith height of mother (OR=2.2) and education of father (OR=2.8).
Exclusive breastfeeding (OR=3.8) and education of father (OR=4.8) were factors
associated the subject to remain stunting at age of 3-4 years.Height of mother
and education of father were factors associated with change of status from
normal to stunting. Education of father and exclusive breastfeeding
supplementation were factors correlation with the subject to remain stunting.


Keywords: stunting, education of father, education of mother


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