Hubungan Pendidikan Orang Tua dan Perubahan Status Stunting
HUBUNGAN PENDIDIKAN ORANG TUA DENGAN PERUBAHAN STATUS STUNTING DARI USIA 6-12 BULAN KE USIA 3-4 TAHUN
ASSOCIATED OF EDUCATION PARENTERALWITH CHANGES OF
STUNTINGSTATUS FROM AGE OF 6-12 MONTHS TO 3-4 YEARS
Leni Sri Rahayu,University ofUniversitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. Hamka, Jakarta (Fikes-S1 Gizi)
Stunting that happens during childhood is a risk factor for increase of mortality rate, low cognitive capacity and motoric growth as well as other unbalanced physical functions. Stunting in underfives will bring bad impact to further life that is difficult to improve. Physical growth is associated with genetic and environmental factors. Genetic factor includes height of parents and gender. Father and mother with minimum height are risk factor for the prevalence of stunting. The study aimed to identify associated of educational parenteral to changes in stunting status from age of 6-12 months to 3-4 years.The study was analytic non experimental with retrospective cohort design. Population of the study were all underfives (664) whose height/length had been assessed during infancy at Tangerang Municipality and District. Data analysis used chi square statistical test and Pearson correlation, and multivariate analysis with multiple logistic regression to identify variable most dominantly affected changes of stunting status. The prevalence of stunting at age of 6-12 months was significantly associated with height of father, height of mother, low birth weight, birth length, premature birth, education of father and education of mother (p<0.05). At age of 3-4 years the prevalenve of stunting was significantly associated with height of father, height of mother, education of father and education of mother. As much as 26.4% of subject changed from normal to stunting, 8.3% remained stunting and 5.7% changed from stunting to normal. Gender did not associated with change of stunting status. The change of status from normal to stunting was associatedwith height of mother (OR=2.2) and education of father (OR=2.8). Exclusive breastfeeding (OR=3.8) and education of father (OR=4.8) were factors associated the subject to remain stunting at age of 3-4 years.Height of mother and education of father were factors associated with change of status from normal to stunting. Education of father and exclusive breastfeeding supplementation were factors correlation with the subject to remain stunting.
Keywords: stunting, education of father, education of mother